Download Annual Review of Psychology, vol 52 2001 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler PDF

By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

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Psychol. 52:27-58. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. g. g. g. g. Courneya et al 1999b, Trafimow & Trafimow 1998), choosing a career (Vincent et al 1998), playing basketball (Arnscheid & Schomers 1996), wearing a safety helmet (Quine et al 1998), using dental floss (Rise et al 1998), exposing oneself to sunlight (Hillhouse et al 1997), and composting (Kaiser et al 1999). By and large, these studies have found support for the theory, and little can be gained at this point by further demonstrations of the theory’s applicability to particular domains.

E. its difficulty) when making decisions for the short term. These findings imply that positive beliefs about the goal are more readily accessible in long-term decisions, whereas negative beliefs predominate in short-term decisions. Studying impression formation, Wojciszke et al (1998) distinguished between morality- and competence-related beliefs. g. g. intelligent, foresighted): Many more morality than competence traits were emitted spontaneously as being important in others. Consistent with this finding, global impressions of real persons were better predicted from beliefs about morality-related traits than from beliefs about competence-related traits, and attitudes toward fictitious persons were based more on the morality than on the competence of their behaviors.

Rev. Psychol. 52:27-58. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. ATTITUDE STRENGTH Strong attitudes are thought to have a number of interesting qualities. They are said to be relatively stable over time, to be resistant to persuasion, and to predict manifest behavior. Visser & Krosnick (1998) documented changes in attitude strength over the life cycle. Contrary to the common belief that cognitive flexibility and readiness to change one’s attitudes decline with age, the results of several studies demonstrated that susceptibility to attitude change declines from early to middle adulthood and then increases again in late adulthood.

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